Calculating the exact amount of plastic that pollutes our seas and oceans is a really complicated mission, but according to estimates dating back to 2015, we would be talking about this in our seabeds and their waters ago more than 150 million tonnes of plastic, which grow at a rate of between 4.8 and 12.7 million tonnes per year. To all this plastic mass are added tiny particles which do not exceed 5 millimeters in diameter, but which have become a headache due to their ability to pass through all the filters and their ease of migrating from one side to the other. other: microplastics.

Its origin is varied and can result from the decomposition of bags and bottles, the degradation of tires or mini-pearls introduced in exfoliating cosmetics, since microplastics are capable of reaching rivers and oceans, thus contaminating the environment. environment. or become an edible poison for its fauna, which can reach our plates.

To learn a little more about this problem, we spoke with Roberto Rosal García, professor of chemical engineering, analytical chemistry and physical chemistry at the University of Alcalá de Henares, and researcher of EnvironmentplanetEnvironmental Plastic Waste Research Network.

Are we breathing plastic?

Land and water have become the main recipients of all this plastic waste, both macro and micro, that we generate. But if things already seem worrying, know that it doesn’t stop there, as there is already evidence that microplastics are also swarming in the air. Without going any further, a group of Spanish researchers managed to detect for the first time the presence of microfibers in the bronchi European citizens. We spoke about it with one of the researchers of this study, Javier Bayo, professor at the Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering at the Polytechnic University of Cartagena, director of the microplastics group.

No glitter or balloons on football fields

At the end of September, the European Commission announced a ban on the sale of products to which microplastics had been added. This list of items included everything from health products to detergents and toys.

But the one that had the biggest impact and helped make all the headlines was the ban on the sale of glitter. To find out how this new law affected companies that sold glitter, we spoke with Valentina Nassekina, CEO of Industrial beautya Murcian company that sells makeup and cosmetics.

The ban on the sale of glitter has attracted the most attention. But a few weeks later, concern shifted to another of the products included in the list of banned polymers: that of granular fillers for synthetic sports surfaces. Or what we commonly call black “balls” on football fields. And does this mean the end of artificial turf football fields? To solve this question we have Leonor Gallardo, professor of physical education and sports at the University of Castilla-La Mancha and director of the Research Group in Management of Sports Organizations and Facilities. IGOID.

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