Forgiveness and recognition of historical racism in UNITED STATES (UNITED STATES). The US military overturned the court-martial convictions of 110 African-American soldiers, nine of whom were executed more than a century ago, arguing that they had not received a fair trial “because of their race.” The Military Board for Correction of Military Records overturned the convictions, reinstating their service records as if they had been honorably terminated and allowing their descendants to once again be eligible for military benefits, they said in a statement .

“After a thorough review, the Commission concluded that these soldiers were treated inappropriately because of their race and race. They did not receive a fair trial. By setting aside their beliefs and granting them honorable discharges, the Army is acknowledging the mistakes of the past and setting the record straight,” the Army said. » Secretary Christine Wormuth said in a statement.

The soldiers were convicted after the Houston riots of August 23, 1917, an outbreak of violence that followed months of racist taunts against black soldiers of the 3rd Battalion of the 24th Infantry Regiment. They were also known as the “buffalo soldiers”name of Native American origin given to black military regiments dating from the 19th century.

That day, the soldiers African Americans who guarded military property were victims of racist insults and physical attacks, the army said. More than 100 companions, all black soldiers, came to his aid and headed toward the city, the army said.

Trial of 110 African-American soldiers after the 1917 Houston riots

New York Times

A U.S. Army court-martial ultimately convicted 110 black soldiers, 19 of whom received the death penalty — the largest execution of U.S. soldiers in history by the military — the military said. “many irregularities”concluded the American army.